Diffun

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE MUNICIPALITY

1.  Name of Province/Municipality           :   Diffun, Quirino

2.  Classification/IRA                              :  2nd Class (Pph 76,506,923.00) 2010

3.  Area ( in sq. kilometers )                    :  352.80 sq. km

4.  Population   (latest data)                    :  42,958 (2007 POPCEN)

5.  Date Founded                                  :  July 2, 1950

6.  Official Flower                                  :  SAMPAGUITA

7.  Official Motto                                   :  AIM HIGH DIFFUN

8.  BRIEF HISTORY

Diffun was created as a legal and corporate entity on July 2, 1950 during the incumbency of Congressman Leon C. Cabarroguis and Governor Manolo Maddela of Nueva Vizcaya.

Diffun was former sitio of Barrio San Isidro, Santiago, Isabela since 1926.  Later, before the outbreak of World War 11, Sitio Buntotan was established to become the  barrio site of Diffun. During the survey of Santiago, Isabela ( 1924-1932)  Provincial Governor of Nueva Vizcaya discovered that Diffun is a part  of Nueva Vizcaya.  In the year 1948,  Congressman Leon C. Cabarroguis presented a bill in Congress, Bill No. 1593 which authorizes the President of the Philippines to define the boundaries of Nueva Vizcaya, with bearing and  distance, as maybe prepared by the Bureau of Lands and secured from the most authoritative and latest maps of the Bureau of Coast and Geodetic Survey.  House Bill No. 1593 was made into law pursuant to Republic Act No. 236 which the Provincial Board of Isabela contested its validity.  To settle the boundary dispute between Isabela and Nueva Vizcaya,  Malacañang created a Fact Finding Committee under Administrative Order No. 69, S-1948.  The Fact Finding Committee found out that Diffun legally  belong to the Province of Nueva Vizcaya thus Administrative Order No. 121 was proclaimed uplifting the provisions of RA No. 236. Later, President Elpidio Quirino of the Republic of the Philippines signed Executive Order No. 157 as amended by Executive Order No. 161  implementing  the provisions of the RA No. 236, followed by the issuance of Executive Order No. 466,S-1950 creating the Municipality of DIFFUN.

During the early days an Spanish mestizo named Don Liberato Bayaua acquired the plains and hills of Diffun as his hacienda by virtue of a Titulo Enformasion de Possessoria.  They established and put up a cattle ranch then the Sitio Bontotan.  One of the guardia civiles of his ranch suffered celebral malaria and died after a few days.  The quack doctor termed the cause of death of the guardia civil as Siphon but the two Ilocanos mispronounced it  Di-pon and from that time on the place was known in its present name DIFFUN.

9.  Potential Scenic, Tourist or Historical Spot:     a. Nagbukel Cave

b. Simmimbaan Cave

c. Pusuac Lagoon

d. Manuela Falls

e.  Battum Baket Water Falls

10. Name of Municipal Mayor : MARLO S. GUILLERMO

11.  Offices in the LGU:

  1. Office of the Secretary to the SB
  2. Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator
  3. Office of the Municipal Engineer
  4. Office of the Municipal Accountant
  5. Office of the Municipal Civil Registrar
  6. Office of the Municipal Treasurer
  7. Office of the Municipal Assessor
  8. Office of the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Officer
  9. Office of the Municipal Budget Officer
10.  Office of the Municipal Health Officer
11.  Office of the Municipal Agriculturist
12.  Office of the Municipal Veterinarian
13.  Office of the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources
14.  Office of the Economic Enterprise Unit

12.  Name of Barangays and Elected Barangay Captain, Population, Land Area and Proximate distance from barangay to municipal hall.

NAME OF BARANGAY POPULATION NAME OF BARANGAY CAPTAIN LAND AREA PROXIMATE DISTANCE FROM BRGY HALL  TO MUNICIPAL HALL
A. URBAN
1.  Andres Bonifacio 3,306 CESAR VALENCIA 864 500 mts
2.  Aurora East 1,452 ROSELLER A. ESCOBAR 131 1 KM
3.  Aurora West 2,130 NENILDA M. PASCUA 244 100 mts
4.  Rizal 3,201 IMELDA B. EVANGELISTA 446 1 KM
Sub-Total 10,089 1,685
B.  RURAL
1.   Aklan Village 836 ARNEL Z. NARAL 351 14 KM
2.   Baguio Village 780 DOLO DEMACIO 401 24 KM
3.   Balagbag 1,507 RAMONCHITO E. DARAPIZA 1,412 5 KM
4.   Bannawag 1,849 CRISOSTOMO YARCIA 591 8 KM
5.   Cajel 1,841 SAMUEL ABENOJA 670 3 KM
6.   Campamento 1,249 LITO LIDYANG 1,725 18 KM
7.   Diego Silang 1,565 PEPE L. PONGHALBAN 377 6 KM
8.   Don Faustino Pagaduan 529 ARTHUR A. PINGKIHAN 1,415 23 KM
9.   Don Mariano Perez 534 ALFONSO SARAC 2,515 29 KM
10.   Doña Imelda 504 JESSIE D. PLAN 428 11 KM
11. Dumanisi 1,489 ALEX DELA CRUZ 1,442 8 KM
12. Gabriela Silang 1,807 HIDALGO BUENCAMINO 2,760 6 KM
13. Gregorio Pimentel 562 ALEJANDRE BRAGAS 3,145 18 KM
14. Gulac 1,345 HON.  ASPIRAS 656 5 KM
15. Guribang 1,107 MABINI JOSE 2,058 8 KM
16. Ifugao Village 1,116 BENITO DAYOG 2,222 23 KM
17. Isidro Paredes 1,404 DAVID B. GARNACE 510 3 KM
18. Liwayway 1,910 ORLANDO ORIA 1,387 2.5 KM
19. Luttuad 1,432 JOEL TAPEC 2,069 3 KM
20. Magsaysay 790 DIONISIO ASUNCION 1,095 15 KM
21. Macate 503 MELQUIADES A. SORIANO 1,504 20 KM
22. Maria Clara 1,152 CARLITO C. SOMERA 717 3 KM
23. Rafael Palma 652 BENJAMIN F. AGUSTIN 782 15 KM
24. Ricarte Norte 1,280 MARVE E. DIONISIO 605 5 KM
25. Ricarte Sur 564 MARIANO C. BATCHINE, JR. 542 8 KM
26. San Antonio 1,183 ELPIDIO JAVONILLO 166 7 KM
27. San Isidro 1,573 AURELIA SINAGUSI 501 6 KM
28. San Pascual 624 AVELINO T. MEDINA 722 11 KM
29. Villa Pascua 1,82 WILSON S. DOMINGO 827 6 KM
Sub-Total 32,869 33,595
Total 42,958 35,280

II.  Brief information about the following:

1.  Economy

a.  Agricultural Products- The primary crop raised by the farmers is rice, while other crops produced are tobacco, corn, bananas, rootcrops such as gabi, cassava, camote, and other fruit bearing trees.

b.  Trade and Commerce- Rice and corn trading, fruits and vegetable trading, and Large Animal trading are common trading activities in the locality.  Rice and Corn traders retails to as far as Cavite and Bulacan Provinces; Banana traders retail to as far as Baguio City, Bulacan and Pangasinan.  In like manner that animal traders sells their animals in Urdaneta, Pangasinan and Plaridel, Bulacan.

c.  Business and Industry- Furniture making is the dominant industry in the locality.  Likewise Basi (sugar cane wine) are produced and vinegar

2.  Social

a.  Schools- The municipality, being the center of learning of the entire Province of Quirino has primary, secondary, and tertiary schools.  Specifically the secondary schools are the Diffun National High School, Ifugao Village Integrated High School, QSC High Department, Magsaysay Integrated High School, Bannawag Integrated High School, San Antonio Integrated High School and Saint Mary’s Academy whose enrollment reaches to above 2000 secondary student.  Likewise tertiary education is ably serve by the Quirino State College.

  1. Hospitals and Clinics- The municipality is served by the Diffun District Hospital.  It has also one (1) Rural Health Unit and Eight (8) Barangay Health Centers to cater health needs of each populace.  Augmenting the government health services are two (2) privately owned clinics. They are  LAZARO Medical Clinic and YOG-YOG Pediatric Clinic all of which are located in the poblacion.

3.  Civic Association- There many civic organizations in the municipality like the Diffun Narra Jaycees, Masons and Knight of Columbus.

4.  Mode of  Transportation- Land transportation is readily available to all barangays of municipality.

5.  Financial Institutions- There are three banks operating in the municipality namely the Rural Bank of Bayombong Diffun branch, First Integrated Cooperative Bank and Philippine Rural Banking Corporation.

DESCRIPTION OF THE MUNICIPALITY

Geographic Information

Diffun, the gateway to the province of Quirino, is one of the six (6) municipalities of Quirino. Diffun was created as a legal and corporate entity on July 2, 1950 during the incumbency of congressman Leon Cabarroguis and Governor Marcelo Maddela of Nueva Vizcaya.

Diffun is formerly a sitio of Barrio San Isidro, Santiago, Isabela since 1932. it has been the center of hunting ground among the natives and the Ilocanos. It was a primeval forest with many scattered rolling hills up and down.

Diffun was created as a municipality with the  issuance of  Order #466,S-1950. It is situated in the northwestern  portion of the province, bounded  on the north by Cordon Isabela and Santiago City; on the south by Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya; on the west by Bagabag and Diadi, Nueva Vizcaya; on the east by Cabarroguis and Saguday, Quirino.

The municipal landscape is characterized by relatively flatlands punctuated at certain points by undulating and rolling terrain, with mountain ranges flanking its western and southern sides (i.e. Namamparan Mountains). The low lying hills and surrounding mountain  ranges are slightly dissected by intermittent creeks and water ways (i.e Ganano River) which act as a natural drain of accumulated rein off water coming from the upland.

The municipality of Diffun has a total area of 21,990 hectares of forest land comprising 62.40% of the total land area, although most of the forest is gone, already denuded due to unscrupulous and unlawful logging in the past. The predominance of  forest vegetations in high land areas resulted in manageable  erosion problems for Diffun. Erosion prone areas are only those parts of town along the banks of Ganano River. This situation, however, is not alarming.

The climate is characterized with seasons not very pronounced but it is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. Typhoons usually occur during the third quarter of the year with an average of 4-10 typhoons per year. Floods pose no major effect in the municipality considering its rolling terrain that facilitates drainage of run-off  water.

Diffun has several bedrock formation, the first of which is mainly limestone. However, it must be noted that there is a fault line and zone which is located at the boundary of the municipality of Cabarroguis in the south.

MUNICIPAL HEALTH OFFICE

INCOME CLASS:                 Second Class

TOTAL POPULATION:       47,974

POSITION NAME
MAYOR HON. MARLO S. GUILLERMO
VICE MAYOR HON. CESAR AGUSTIN
COUNCILORS 1. HON. GLORIA ANTOLIN
2. HON. MACARIA CABE
3. HON. MARLITO CORPUZ
4. HON. OFELIA GATCHALIAN
5. HON. RUBEN GAUDIA
6. HON. JOVINO NAVALTA
7. BABYLIN REYES
8. HON. CORAZON UNITE
ABC PRESIDENT ROSELER ESCOBAR
SB ON HEALTH HON. OFELIA GATCHALIAN

HEALTH PROFILE

MANPOWER

NAME DESTINATION STATUS FUNDING
JOY B. SULIO, MD, MPH MHO PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
EVELYN P. VILLAMAR DENTIST II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
GLADYS G. ANGELES NURSE II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
FLORA MAY SIBAYAN MEDTECH PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
SYLVIA VALENCIA RHM III PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
MERCEDITA VERGARA RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
ZOSIMA GAMET RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
NOEMI NEGRILLO RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
ELIZABETH CATBAGAN RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
CAROLINA SANIDAD RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
NELLY PEDREGOZA RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
MERLITA AGUSTIN RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
MARY JOAN RAMOS RHM II PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
SHIRLEY FELIPE RHM I PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
MARILYN DELA CRUZ RHM I PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
WINNIE S. RADAM RHM I PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
MOISES S. LODEVICO IR PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
CORAZON BACANI DENTAL AIDE PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
RONALD CABE DRIVER PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
SABINA MEJIA UTILITY WORKER PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
GEORGE RADAM BARANGAY HEALTH AIDE PERMANENT MUNICIPAL
GILDA A. PADUA DOH REP. PERMANENT PROVINCIAL
MARIO GARNACE RMC PERMANENT PROVINCIAL
AMALIA TUMANENG DOH REP. PERMANENT NATIONAL
MA. CORAZON CASUGA CLERK CASUAL VOLUNTEER
MERCY TUGUINAY MIDWIFE CASUAL VOLUNTEER
MARICEL ENCARNACION MIDWIFE CASUAL VOLUNTEER
DONNAVINDA ALIP MIDWIFE CASUAL VOLUNTEER
EMERSON BATOON ASSISTANT RSI CASUAL VOLUNTEER

A. HEALTH STATISTICS 2010

Crude Birth Rate                                32.20 per 1,000 population

Crude Death Rate                               47.19 per 1,000 population

Infant Mortality Rate                          1.32 per 1,000 population

Maternal Mortality Rate                     0 per 1,000 population

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate (CPR)            49%

B. TEN LEADING CAUSES OF MORBIDITY (2010) ALL AGES

CAUSES 2010
Number Rate
1. Acute Respiratory Infection 2,210 469.74
2. Influenza 369 78.43
3. Diarrhea 319 67.8
4. Pneumonia 196 41.66
5. Urinary Tract Infection 188 39.96
6. Skin Disease 174 36.98
7. Anemia 149 31.67
8. Hypertension 94 19.98
9. Other Nutritional Deficiency 61 12.96
10. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 50 10.62

TEN LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY (2010) ALL AGES

CAUSES 2010
Number Rate
1. Pneumonia 56 11.9
2. Cancer 26 5.53
3. Accidents 18 3.8
4. Congestive Heart Failure 17 3.6
5. Myocardial Infarction 15 3.2
6. Hypertension 14 2.97
7. Cardio Vascular Disease 9 2
8. Chronic Renal Failure 7 1.48
9. Ulcer 7 1.48
10. Asthma 4 0.86

C. HEALTH BUDGET

YEAR TOTAL MUNICIPAL BUDGET TOTAL HEALTH BUDGET PERCENTAGE
2009 65,406,003.10 7,309,264.62 0.11%
201 76,820,114.34 8,060,008.56 0.10%

HEALTH BUDGET-PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION

ITEMS 2009 2010
PS 5,556,284.62 6,067,008.56
MOOE 1,632,980.00 1,643,000.00
CAPITAL OUTLAY 65,000.00 295,000.00
NON-OFFICE EXPENDITURES 55,000.00 55,000.00

D. STAFFING

MLGU PLGU NATIONAL TOTAL
Permanent 21 0 DOH-REP, RMC 23
Casual 4 1 0 5
Total 25 1 2 28

E. MAGNA CARTA BENEFITS

Percentage of Magna Carta Benefits Granted to PHWs

-100% Hazard Pay

BENEFITS 2009 2010
SQL (Full) 1,650.00/month 1,650.00/month
HAZARD PAY (Full) 25% of basic salary 25% of basic salary
RA (with car) 4,675.00/month 4,675.00/month
AUTOPSY 1,000.00/case 1,000.00/case

F. OTHER HEALTH STATISTICS

Number of Barangays:                                                33 barangays

Number of Households:                                              11,020 households

Number of Households with sanitary toilet:   9,929 – 90%

Number of Households with Potable Water:  9,436 – 85%

Level I             : 8,268

Level II            : 0

Level III          : 1,168

Spring               : 1,514 – 14%

Open Dugwell             : 70 – 0.6%

Number of Households with Sanitary Garbage:         10,854 – 98%

NUMBER OF HEALTH FACILITY

Hospital

Government                 : 1

Private                                : 0

Clinic

Government (RHU)          : 1

Private                         : 3

Diagnostic Laboratory

Government                : 2

Private                          : 3

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