I. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Prior to the advent of settlement, Cabarroguis is a vast forested area and form parts of the municipalities of Saguday, Diffun and Aglipay. It is originally occupied by the Aetas and later displaced by the Ilongot tribe because the Aetas are known of their nomadic characters. Many years later, permanent settlement were made by different civilized ethnic groups like Ilocanos, Tagalog and others in search of good fortune in this virgin land. As the population and settlement increases, regular barrios were created. These are the barrios of Zamora, Banuar, Burgos, Del Pilar, Dibibi, Eden, Villamor and five (5) more sitios of Villapena, Villarose, Tucod, Calaocan and Dingasan at the municipality of Aglipay: barrios of San Marcos, Gundaway and portion of Mangandingay at the municipality of Diffun and the other part of Mangandingay at the municipality of Saguday. The above stated barrios of different municipalities became the territorial jurisdiction of Cabarroguis by virtue of Republic Act No. 5554 enacted by the Philippine Congress authored by then Honorable Senator Leonardo Perez on June 21, 1969. The newly created municipality of CAbarroguis was named in honor of the late Congressman of Nueva Vizcaya, Honorable Leon Cabarroguis.
Cabarroguis operated as a regular municipality after the 1971 local polls wherein Honorable Anastacio dela Pena become the first Local Chief Executive.. Barangay Mangandingay also became the temporary seat of the municipal government, Years later, when Honorable Diomedes Dumayas was appointed as the town’s executive, the seat of the Local Government officially transferred to Barangay Zamora where a 12 hectares lot was donated.
II. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
A. Geographical Location
Cabarroguis is approximately located on the Northwestern part of the province of Quirino. It lies on the meridian of approximately 121 degrees, 31 minutes latitude and 16 degrees, 25 minutes longitude. It is bounded on the North, Northwest and Northeast by the municipalities of Diffun and Saguday respectively On the East and Southeast by the municipality of Aglipay, on the South by the municipalities of Maddela and Nagtipunan and on the West by the province of Nueva Vizcaya. It is about 12 kilometers from the provincial boundary between Province of Quirino and Isabela at barangay San Antonio, Diffun, Quirino.
B. Political Boundaries
The municipal area of Cabarroguis covers 26,902 hectares approximately. The area is further distributed into the seventeen (17) barangays comprising the municipality including barangay Didipio which remains to be in the municipality and the province of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino.
TABLE NO. 1 Names of barangays with the corresponding land areas
|Barangays||Land Area (has.)|
|4. San Marcos||667.7311|
|4. Del Pilar||550.1530|
|12. Sto. Domingo||299.6062|
|13. Tucod (including Didipio)||10,869.8230|
TABLE NO. 2 Slope Classification and Area
|Paddy rice irrigated, 09, 22, 23||3,806 hectares|
|Production Forest, 120, 127, 128, 92||5,110 hectares|
|Forest Protection 65, 86, 88, 92||10,990 hectares|
|Corn, Peanut, Rain fed Rice, Vegetables 07, 75, 16,1||3,232 hectares|
|Pasture Land, Grassland||200 hectares|
|Institutional, Residential, Others||2,510 hectares|
|Total Area||26,902 hectares|
Population Size and Growth Rate
The trend of population growth in the municipality is evidently increasing.
Initially, year 1970 recorded a population of 7,835 person followed by census year 1975 which registered a total population of 12,226 that manifested a growth rate of 9.29%. Another increase of population was observed during census year 1980 which recorded 17,450 displaying a growth rate of 2.2% and for census year 1995, it manifested a 22,812 person displaying a growth rate of 2.25%. Base year of 2000 recorded a total population of 25,832 which manifested a growth rate of 2.25%. As of census year 2007, the population increased to 28,024 which manifested a growth rate of 1.21%
TABLE NO. 3 . Total Population and Household Population by Barangay CY 2010
|Barangay||Total Population||Household Population|
|12. Sto. Domingo||708||163|
|13. Tucod (including Didipio)||1,466||257|
IV. ECONOMIC SECTOR
1. Agricultural Land Area
Based on Land Use Survey, result shows that the existing agricultural land of Cabarroguis is approximately 5,255.59 hectares of which greater area were devoted to the production of rice. The municipality also produces other crops such as corn, peanuts, fruits and vegetables. However, land areas and number of producers were not determined.
The production yield per hectare was determined by type of crops. Average yield of rice per hectare range from 15,435 MT for irrigated and 691.6 MT for rainfed; Corn yields from 25 MT for white corn and 7,009.2 MT for yellow corn and for different type of fruits 18,300 MT for banana, 252 MT for mango and 64 MT for citrus.
2. Livestock and Poultry
Livestock production existing in the municipality was dominated by Swine with a total production of 3,477 heads which provides the greatest kilograms of meat produced. However, dogs are also catered too but meat production was not encouraged in the municipality.
The municipality has a minimal number of backyard poultry productions. Chicken is commonly the main source of poultry meat in the municipality with a total number of 27,400 heads.
TABLE NO. 4 Backyard Poultry by Barangay
|12. Sto. Domingo||729||209||2||10|
|13. Tucod (including Didipio)||239||49||1||1|
TABLE NO. 5 Backyard Livestock by Barangay
|12. Sto. Domingo||29||22||16||117||0|
|13. Tucod (including Didipio)||100||0||2||116||0|
TABLE NO. 7 List of Existing Facilities
|1.Multi-Purpose Pavement (MPDP)||62|
|3. Wheel Tractor||1|
|4. Hand Tractor||136|
|6. Baby Cono/Kiskisan||9|
TABLE NO. 8. Agricultural Input Facilities
|a.) Land Bank||1||San Marcos||Government|
|b.) Mallig Plains||1||Gundaway||Private|
|c.) Producers Bank||1||Gundaway||Private|
|d.) Lagawe MPDC||1||Gundaway||Private|
|e.) Kiangan MPDC||1||Gundaway||Private|
|f.) CARD Inc.||1||Gundaway||Private|
|g.) ADVANCE Finance||1||San Marcos||Private|
|h.) Cooperatives||17||All barangays||NGO’s|
|2.Agricultural Input Dealers|
|b.)Farm Tool Dealers||4||Gundaway, Zamora||Private|
|b.)Slaughter House||1||Sto. Domingo||Public/Gov’t.|
TABLE NO. 8 Agricultural Land Area and Number of Farmers
|Crops||Area (hectares)||Number of Farmers|
TABLE NO. 9 Area, Yield and Value of Production of Major Crops
|Crops||Area||Cropping Intensity||Average Yield Per Hectare||Total Yield|
|Irrigated||1,715.0 has.||2 croppings||4.5 MT||15,435 MT|
|Rainfed||91.0 has.||2 croppings||3.8 MT||691.6 MT|
|White||10.0 has.||2 croppings||2.5 MT||25 MT|
|Yellow||2,124.0 has.||2 croppings||3.3 MT||7,009.2MT|
|Leafy||1.0||once||2.0 MT||2 MT|
|Ampalaya||20.0||once||10.0 MT||200 MT|
|Squash||20.0||Once||20.0 MT||400 MT|
|Mango||63.0||Once||4.0 MT||252 MT|
|Citrus||64.0||Once||1.0 MT||64 MT|
|Banana||1,525.0||2 croppings||6.0 MT||18,300 MT|
|Papaya||1.0||2 croppings||6.00 MT||120.0 MT|
|Fishpond||11.0||2 croppings||4.6 MT||96.25|
TABLE NO. 10 Number of Agriculture Personnel
|Municipal Agricultural Officer||1||Supervisory|
|Data Entry Machine Operator||1||Extension|
TABLE NO. 11 Existing Number of Department of Agriculture Personnel Stationed at Cabarroguis, Quirino
|Municipal Agricultural Officer||1||Supervisory|
|Data Entry Machine Operator||1||Extension|
Commercial activity within the municipality is commonly on retailing, wholesaling and service- oriented. Retail trade dominates the activity with a total of 503 recorded establishments of which 400 are mostly sari-sari stores, 4 gasoline station, 11 drugstores. Majority of the retailers are commonly located in the urban centers.
TABLE NO. 12 Number of Retailers
|Location||Sari-sari Store||General Merchandize||Gasoline Station||Drug Store|
|Tucod (including Didipio)||10||0||0||0|
TABLE NO. 13 Number of Wholesalers
TABLE NO. 14 Number of Service-Oriented Establishments
|Location||Beauty Shops||Restaurant/ Carinderia||Photo Shops||Funeral Parlor|
V. SOCIAL SECTOR
A. HEALTH SERVICES
The Rural Health Unit of Cabarroguis is situated at the Municipal Hall Compound, Zamora, Cabarroguis, Quirino. The facility is composed of the following health personnel: One (1) Municipal Health Officer, one (1) Public Health Nurse, one (1) Medical Technologist, one (1) Nutritionist, one (1) Population Officer, seven (7) Regular Midwives, 104 BHW’s and 27 BNS which are all trained.
The municipality has seven (7) Barangay Health Station, one Main Health Center located at Barangay Zamora and one (1) Provincial Hospital located at Barangay San Marcos, Cabarroguis, Quirino.
The Rural Health Unit of Cabarroguis rendered services as follows; consultation, maternal health care especially for pregnant women, post partum mothers and lactating mothers, child care given to infants and children given HEPA B vaccine, breastfed infants, children with diarrheal cases, children cases given Vitamin A supplements, Family Planning services, disease control, Sanitation Code, referrals, immunization and medical distribution.
4. Birth and Death
The municipality has registered 449 births for 2010 giving a Crude Birth Rate (CBR) of 14.69%. This shows a decrease from 2009 Crude Birth Rate of 19.22%.
In the same year, 10 infants death were registered equivalent to an infant mortality rate of 22.27% out of the recorded 449 live births.
The Crude Death Rate of 2010 is at 4.28% of the 131 recorded death of all causes which manifested an increase of 0.12% from the CDR of 4.16% in 2009 excluding the death from the other municipalities.
5. Leading Causes of Morbidity and Mortality
The ten (10) leading causes of morbidity for 2010 are upper respiratory tract infection/acute respiratory infection, hypertension, urinary tract infection, skin diseases, iron deficiency syndrome, injury/wound, muscuskeletal problem, diarrhea, asthma and flu.
In 2010 the ten (10) leading causes of mortality were Cardio-vascular Disease, malnutrition, status asthmaticus, diabetes milletus, cancer, myocardial infarction, peptic ulcer, cardio respiratory arrest, blood dyscresia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
TABLE NO. 15 Lists of Health Programs
|TYPE OF SERVICES||Number of Person Served||Rate (%)|
|1.Maternal & Child Health Program|
|2.TT2 Immunization (Pregnant Women)||684||64%|
|3.Post Partum Visit||665||72%|
|4.Family Planning Program|
|5.Maternal Tuberculosis Program|
|b.)Infants given Hepa B vaccine||641||77%|
|c.)Infants with diarrhea cases||114||100% actual|
|6.Disease Control NTP|
|a.)Symptomatic & Sputum Exam.||410||100% actual|
|a.)Case Finding||1,119||100% actual|
|a.)Animal Bite Cases Seen||15||100% actual|
B. SOCIAL WELFARE
1. Personnel and Services
There are four (4) Social Welfare Staff devolved to the municipality. The Office is composed of a Municipal Social Welfare and Development Officer, Development Officer Aide, and two (2) Social Workers and Permanent Day Care Workers.
The services catered by this agency in support to the needs of the populace in every barangay are: Parent Effectiveness Services, Marriage Counseling, Emergency Relief Assistance, Practical Skills Development, Peer Group Services, Referrals, Education/Youth Assistance, Day Care Services, Self Employment Assistance, Disabled Person Welfare Program, Women Welfare Program, Children Welfare Program, Elderly Welfare Program and Aid to Individuals in Crisis Situations. These social welfare services are catered to target clientele that are socially, physically, spiritually and economically depressed. Number of clientele however, varied yearly due to variables occurrence of needy populace in the whole municipality.
Aside from social welfare at the urban core and its facilities, there are 22 day care centers and one women center. These day care centers are not evenly distributed to the 17 barangays of the municipality.
TABLE NO. 16 Social Programs
|TYPE OF PROGRAM||NUMBER OF CLIENTELE|
|1.Aid to Individual Crisis||342||311||323|
|3.Pre-marriage Counseling||97 couples||72 couples||79 couples|
|4.Emergency Relief||113 families||205 families||2,025 families|
|5.Day Care Centers||505 preschoolers||485 preschoolers||500 preschoolers|
|6.Education Assistance||209 students||304 students||210 students|
|7.Disabled Elderly Person Welfare||1,666||1,016||1,000|
|9.Children Inconflict with the Law(CICL)||9||6||8|
|10.Violence Against Women Cases||24||15||47|
|12.Skills Training||60 women|
|14. 13.Suplemental Feeding||79||106||85|
|14.Tindahan Natin Project||19|
|15.Youth Forum||1,000 pupils/students||1,000 pupils/students|
The municipality of Cabarroguis has a complete educational level wherein there are 4 Private Primary Schools and 23 Public Elementary Schools; 10 Secondary Schools of which 2 are Private School. There are also 2 Tertiary Schools in the municipality, a public and a private school. Majority of the schools are located at urban areas and mostly are government owned. Out of the existing schools within the municipality, there is only one (1) private school for both Primary and Elementary while there is also a private tertiary school for both Secondary and Tertiary Level.
The 27 Elementary Schools occupies a total aggregate area of 58,837.8 hectares. Among those Elementary Schools, only six (6) posses a complete school facilities such as shops, library, computer rooms, administration office, comfort room and playgrounds. Others have facilities but limited to shop, comfort room and playground. Textbooks and references are limited to pupils in each school.
There are 140 existing Elementary School buildings within the municipality of which 117 are permanent, 21 semi-permanent and 2 temporary. Out of the total number of school buildings, 120 are found in good condition, 12 are dilapidated and 8 are deteriorating.
4. Student-Teacher Ratio and Student-Classroom ratio
The sum of Elementary teacher is 178 and the total number of students enrolled is 4,200 which manifest an average ratio of 1:23. Records show that Ambuklao Elementary School has the highest Teacher-Student Ratio of 1:57 and the lowest Teacher-Student Ratio is Waterfalls Elementary School with 1:15 ratio. The total enrollment and the total number of classroom for SY 2009-2010 is 196 which display a Student-Classroom Ratio of 1:21 wherein Loacan Elementary School revealed the highest student-classroom ratio 30:1 and Burgos Elementary School and has the lowest Student-Classroom Ratio of 14:1.
As of SY 2009-2010, there are 10 registered Secondary Schools within the municipality and manifested an average Student-Teacher Ratio of 23:1. The school with the greatest Student-Teacher Ratio is Dibibi Integrated School with a rate of 33:1 and the lowest is Cagayan Valley Colleges of Quirino with a rate of 13:1.
4.c.3 Non-Formal Education
Through theNon-formal Education of the municipality is being extended to young adult populace who are willing to gain additional knowledge specializing livelihood oriented course like food preservation, tailoring, dressmaking, battery charging, electrical rewinding, stuff toys making and other livelihood related courses.
TABLE NO. 18 Elementary Enrollments for the Last Two School Years
|SCHOOL||SY 2008-2009||SY 2009-2010|
|10. Eternal Life Christian Academy||37||39|
|11. General Luna Elementary School||151||154|
|12. Gomez Elementary School||90||78|
|13. Loacan Elementary School||135||123|
|14. Mangandingay Elementary School||414||409|
|15. Potia Elementary School||140||117|
|16. Renaissance Christian School||63||107|
|17. Saint Mark School||124||115|
|18. San Marcos Elementary School||361||346|
|19. Sto. Domingo Elementary School||154||157|
|20. Tucod Elementary School||164||181|
|21. Upper Dibibi Elementary School||59||52|
|22. Upper Dingasan Elementary School||102||79|
|23. Villamor Elementary School||320||308|
|24. Villarose Integrated School||120||107|
|25. Villapena Elementary School||107||105|
|26. Waterfalls Elementary School||64||60|
|27. Zamora Elementary School||127||113|
TABLE NO. 19 Secondary Enrollments for the Last Two School Years
|SCHOOL||SY 2008-2009||SY 2009-2010|
|10. Villarose Integrated School||71||78|
TABLE NO. 20 Tertiary Enrollment for the Last Two School Years
|SCHOOL||SY 2008-2009||SY 2009-2010|
TABLE NO. 21 Types of Construction and Existing Condition of Building
D. PROTECTIVE SERVICES
The Cabarroguis Police Station is continuously implementing a responsive and holistic crime prevention program in order to prevent, suppress and control the occurrence of crimes to ensure the safety of the public as well as internal adherence to the Integrated Transformation Program (ITP). The station is also maintaining its anti-terrorism efforts through the implementation of the three (3)-tired defense system (AGAP) or security survey inspection. As far as terrorism is concern, the station has no identified incidents of any dissident terrorist within the area of responsibility due to the conduct of anti-criminality campaign thru barangay visitations, seminars, information dissemination and daily checkpoints in coordination with other law enforcement agencies, government and non-government organizations within the area of responsibility.
The Crime Volume (CV) recorded during the period registered at 32 incidents of which 13 are found as Index Crime (IC) and 19 tailed to as Non-Index Crime. The incidents manifested an Average Monthly Rate of 111.72 % and a Crime Solution Efficiency Rate of 23.32%.
TABLE NO. 22 Crime Statistics
|AM Crime Rate||111.72%|
a. Robbery with force upon things
b. Physical Injury
c. Physical injury in relation to 7610
d. Physical injury in relation to 7619
e. Rape in relation to 7610
h. Serious physical injury
|Crime Solution Efficiency||87.50|
3. Significant Accomplishments
3.d. 1 Operations
Prevention and suppression of crime is primarily through Community Oriented Policing System (COPS).
3.d.2 Crime Prevention and Police Visibility
In the prevention, control and suppression of crimes, the station maintained the implementation of a community oriented policy system which was successfully and effectively undertaken by having and impressive police visibility through extending visitation to plan out schemes against index crimes possibly by barangay. COMPACT is still actively implemented and are located to the barangays of Mangandingay, Gundaway and Burgos as to station’s participation to the community.
3.d. 3 Public Safety Activities
In assurance to the safety of the municipal populace, the station is always conducting intelligence monitoring within the area of responsibility (AOR) and to the vital installations evident in the area such as communication facilities like cell sites, television satellites of two television networks, three banking institutions and a gasoline station. Barangay Intelligence Network (BIN) of every barangay is organized as partners in monitoring such threats to public safety, Order, Maintenance, Peacekeeping and Internal Security.
4. Internal Security Operations
The stations intelligence operational efforts accounts for the prevention and neutralization of threats to national security, peace and order in the municipality.
Intelligence security services in all forms were attained as prescribed under the current PNP programs and missions. The counter- intelligence aspects prevented the proliferation of government personnel’s misdeeds, abuse and illegal activities.
The adoption of multi-linked intelligence operation network against terrorism and other forms of criminality was attained through the conduct of numerous intel networking and liasoning to include the organization and establishment to additional 20 members of the Barangay Intelligence Network (BIN) and other linkage to all Police Intelligence Network (PIN) and members of the Regional Police Intelligence Committee (RPIC).
5. General Administration and Support
Efficiency and effectiveness in the development and management of human and material resources.
5.d. 1 Personnel
The Cabarroguis Police Station is manned by a Police Chief Inspector and ably assisted by 21 PNCO’s serving a population of 28,029 showing a force population ratio of 1:1,273 which manifested a shortage of police personnel if we adopt the 1:100 police population ratio as prescribed under existing law.
The stations have on hand thirty-one (31) assorted firearms with corresponding basic loads/rounds of ammunitions and are all serviceable. On mobility aspect, the station has 3 patrol vehicles and 1 motorcycle, all serviceable. Furthermore, station has two (2) communication facilities. Table No. 22 hereof reflects the logistical strength/support provided for by the PNP and the Local Government Unit.
TABLE NO. 24 Logistical Strength/ Support
|POL Allocation (PNP/LGU)||LGU-30,000.00/PNP-1,059||LGU-30,000.00/PNP-1,059|
VI. INFRASTRUTURE SECTOR
The land transportation played a vital role in the socio-economic development of the municipality. As a result, there were tricycles that operate within the municipality as well as traversing inside and outside the area. Due to the presence of barangay roads that interlinks the rural to urban area, remote barangays are already within reach except during wet season due to some difficulties.
Record show that there are 4 RCDG bridges, 2 bailey bridges, and 2 timber overflow bridge, 4 box culverts and 4 hanging bridges existing in the municipality. These bridges are very much important in the easy mobilization of products of upland barangays.
The municipality has a complete hierarchy of road network from National, Provincial, Municipal and Barangay Roads.
For national road, there is a 5 kilometer national road that traversed in the municipality, from the northern part to the northeastern part. It has a 30 meters width paved with asphalt.
For provincial road, the municipality has a total of provincial road length of 32.8 kilometers with 10 meters width. 25.45 were graveled; 14 kilometers earth fill and 7.8 kilometers are paved concrete.
For municipal road, there are 34 existing municipal streets in the municipality. Majority of which are located in the urban core. It recorded a total road length of 21.0893 kilometers of which 1.5967 kilometers were concretely paved; 18.8126 kilometers are graveled with 8 meters width.
For barangay roads, each barangay has a farm to market road. The accessibility encourages the populace to produce more farm and agricultural products which enhance the capability of the Local Government Unit to generate more income and revenue.
The presence of ferry boat traversing in the Addalem River, in barangay Dibibi played a vital role in the development of the whole municipality. It is the only mean of transportation among the upland areas of Dibibi.
Communication facilities are also evident in the municipality especially in the urban area. The Postal Office located at the Municipal Compound is manned by 1 Postmaster assisted by 2 Postal Personnel. The office is equipped with 1 fried machine, two weighing scale, 1 type writer, 1 mail cabinet and 1 vault.
The presence of Quirino Cable Network (CAT-V), a private owned establishment equipped with 6 receivers, 8 modulators, 2 satellite disc, 2 aerial antenna, 1 beta player and 1 DVD-VCD player and 1 television that could provide the subscribers an access to monitor 5 foreign and 3 local TV Channels. The presence of satellites of the two competing television networks in the country such as GMA Network Inc. and ABS-CBN merely improves the awareness of the populace and be informed and updated to the latest development of the country and as well as with regards to social and economic activities worldwide.
Telephone lines are focused in the urban core of which there are 40 sets of telephone connections, 20 of these are installed in the private establishments and 20 sets are in the government institutions. The use of mobile phones and cell phones was also encouraged in the municipality as an easy way to communicate weather for personal or business aspect or use.
The presence of internet connections advances the awareness into current events nationwide and worldwide.
Various printed materials are also displayed in selected newsstands in the urban area.